The Flute commonly known as Bansuri in India & South Asia is one of the oldest instruments within the woodwind family. It differs to most other wind instruments because it requires no reed; it is played by air travelling across the lip plate.
A bansuri is traditionally made from a single hollow shaft of bamboo with six or eight finger holes, but modern designs come in ivory, fiberglass and various metals. Two main varieties of Indian flutes are currently used. The first, the Bansuri , has six finger holes and one embouchure hole, and is used predominantly in the Hindustani music of Northern India. The second, the Venu or Pullanguzhal, has eight finger holes, and is played predominantly in the Carnatic music of Southern India.